Publication >> SHERJ Teacher Education Journal Volume 1 Released Open Journal

SHERJ - Teacher Education Vol.1 June 2019 Released


SHERJ Teacher Education Journal
ISSN Print: 2508-0598 - e-ISSN: 2508-0601 - Volume 1 - June 2019
Published by Saint Michael College of Caraga
Nasipit, Agusan del Norte
Philippines
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Articles

Principalsí Transformational Leadership Style and Teachersí Job Performances in Public Secondary School in Nigeria
FLORENCE U. AKUDO
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1114-4547

The study was carried out to examine Principalsí Transformational Leadership and Teacher Job Performance among public secondary schools in Onitsha North Local Government Area, Anambra State. A descriptive research design was used. The sample of the study was 155 teachers in the study area. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMCC) was used to analyze the research questions. The results of the analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between principal transformational leadership style and teacher job performance. It also revealed that there was a significant relationship between Leadership skills of principal and Teachersí productivity. The results further showed that there was a relationship between communication and the performance of subordinates. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that: Government should work towards ensuring that competent Principals are appointed, according to their years of meritorious service. Furthermore, it was recommended that government should make arrangements for standard teachinglearning activities by recruiting based on merit in the various regions in Nigeria. By implication, qualified teachers would be available to fill the vacant spaces in schools. In addition, it was also recommended that it is imperative for the government to review its policies in a bid to attract more teachers to the profession in various states and Districts of the Federation. Finally, it is strongly recommended that continuous training in the country of principals and stakeholders in the education sector should be made available to effect any necessary changes and bone of contention in managing the educational system.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.01

Early Language Literacy and Numeracy Implementation
MARY SYQUIA M. AYADE
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6265-8586
RAVEN P. DELA CALZADA
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8165-9485
JERALYN P. SABANAL
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6536-9576
MAVILLE M. SABALLA
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4242-4018

Literacy and Numeracy Skills are the cornerstones for learning which will contribute to lifelong learning. The study seeks to determine the level of implementation of Early Language Literacy and Numeracy Implementation of Kindergarten to Grade III teachers. The researchers used a descriptive method design. The respondents were the 43 teachers teaching Kindergarten to Grade 3 in the public elementary schools of East Nasipit District. Based on the findings, the level of implementation is implemented. It was supported by Eddy (2010) that the potential development of the mind is something to be achieved with the aid of the teachersí knowledge. Teacher is the most important variable in the learnerís educational environment. Therefore, the school administrators should always monitor, and evaluate if these guidelines components covered were utilized in the classroom and the teacher should always seek self-improvement to be an effective and efficient implementer of Early Language Literacy and Numeracy in the teaching-learning process. Moreover, school administrators and teachers should help each other in implementing effectively and consider themselves as a team.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.02

Performance and Practices Among Public Elementary School Heads
ANDRONICO P. CUESTA
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5504-8322

Improving student learning outcomes is a perennial challenge facing school system worldwide. This study was conducted to determine the performance and practices among public elementary school heads of Prosperidad Districts. A descriptive survey was conducted to 40 public elementary school heads of Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur. Three groups of respondents were used to solicit information on the leadership skills, roles, and practices of these 40 school heads. A validated questionnaire was used to generate responses from the 40 school heads, 193 teachers, and four district supervisors. Findings of the study revealed that female school heads generally do better than their male counterparts in performing the leadership role as (a) Direction Setter, (b) change agent, (c) spokesperson, and (d) coach. School heads who are assign in big school generally do better than those assigned in small schools in performing the leadership role as (a) Direction Setter, (b) change agent, (c) spokesperson, and (d) coach. It was suggested that the opportunities for leadership should be equal to both male and female teachers. Teachers who have been in the service for a long span of time and have acquired advanced degrees in educational management should be given priority for promotion.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.03

Factors Affecting the Reading Ability Among Junior High School Students of Saint Michael College of Caraga
SHAIRA KATRINA Y. BAGUIO
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4754-0245
WILFREDO P. CAMASURA JR.
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7698-0485
EDDIE T. TARAY JR
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6508-4001
KEVIN F. MENDOZA
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2781-1754

At the point when kids figure out how to read, they figure out how to connect and compose images with talked sounds, until the point when the affiliation is so very much prepared that it happens suddenly. This encouraged the researchers to determine the factors that affect the reading ability of the student and provide a better solution to ease the childís reading skills. The study used the quantitative methodology of research with the Junior High school students of Saint Michael College of Caraga as the respondents. To be able to identify the factors of reading ability of Junior High School students of Saint Michael College of Caraga, a study was conducted to know the factors that affect the reading ability. A series of survey and collection of data were administered and it was found out that the majority of them belongs to ďoften.Ē With the outcome, intervention program designed to retouch and keep up the perusing capacity of the students.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.04

The Challenges Among Pre-Service Elementary Teachers
MARY JANE B. BORJA
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3560-1223
ARCEJIE B. OMPOC
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7391-6894
KARISHA ANNABEL S.TEMBLOR
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9651-3035
NORMANIE C. TORELLO
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3530-4800

Pre-service teachers training is one of the most important aspects of every teacherís education curriculum as it prepares student teachers to become qualified teachers in the future (Mark Ulla, 2016). The purpose of this study was to determine the challenges encountered among pre-service elementary teachers of Saint Michael College of Caraga (SMCC), during practice teaching. The teachers, with permission to the owner, used the research instrument for this study, and were administered to 57 respondents. The sample population was composed of 14 males and 43 females. The data were tabulated and analyzed using percentage, weighted means, Person Correlation, and One-way ANOVA and the findings disclosed that the challenges most encountered by the preservice elementary teachers of SMCC were the delivery of instruction while the least encountered was assessment learning. There is a significant difference in the pre-service elementary teachers and the challenges they encountered when grouped according to age and gender. The following recommendations were advised to engage the pre-service elementary teachers in different seminar-workshop that caters with the existing aspect as well as providing them with containing and development in teaching.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.05

Common Problems in Oral Communication kills Among High School Students
KAYLENZ JOY R. CHENTEZ
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1430-6513
JIMMY V. FELICILDA JR.
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6350-501x
ANGELITA R. FELISILDA
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6423-746x
RYAN E. TABA—AG
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9507-3760

Oral Communication is the life-skills constituent of the field of Communication. This study aims to determine the Common problem in Oral Communication Skills among High School students of Saint Michael College of Caraga. The researcher used quantitative research design in gathering data. The study was conducted at Saint Michael College of Caraga, whereas the 320 students in high school were the respondents. In this study, the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version .05 was used to analyze the data, the frequency, percentage, and weighted mean. The result of the study indicated that oral communication and communication apprehension were the main problems for the students. These problems were caused by not frequent usage in English in daily life resulting in nervous feelings when speaking in the second language. There is an overall total of 0.107 correlation coefficients with the description of a very weak positive correlation. There was a significant relationship on the studentís profile and a significant difference in the common problem of oral communication. It was recommended that there should open channels for staff who wants to strengthen their English skills and give them an opportunity to practice their English to their students. Lastly, role-play games should be provided to increase the familiarity of English usage.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.06

Critical Approach in Teaching English as a Second Language/a>
JERICK D. ANTIGUA
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0294-2264
NEKKI B. ARNAIZ
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8786-9045
JOHN MARK L. BANTILO
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2053-0506
ALMA B. JAVIER
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8574-8290
APRILYN C. MEGALLEN
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7162-4257

A critical approach to language teaching was a pedagogy in instruction that attempted to analyze the language critically by their culture as to transmit information. This study systematically investigated teachersí critical approach to language teaching which was related to pragmatics and pedagogical level in teaching a critical approach to the English language in specifically in their classroom as a teacher at Saint Michael College of Caraga. The researchers used a descriptive type of research. The researchers concluded that the theory supported on how the 3 aspects provide on the English teachersí avenue of instructions examined. The profiling does not affect the teachersí instruction and level of practices are interconnected to the perception of the students. One of the aspects of how English subject and its instruction enacted depends on the actions portrayed by the teacher. It reflects the instruction of the teacher and learning of the students on how his/her thought put into action through the use of the classroom instruction. It was recommended that English teachers should engage seminar and workshops, development programs, group or peer discussions, and most importantly involve continuing education for their personal and professional growth that leads to betterment of their instructions.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.07

Mother Tongue-Based Instruction Implementation among Indigenous People Schools
NOEL R. AGUASITO
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4216-7506
JUDY MAY E. DALOGDOG
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8740-2349
MARY ANTONETTE ANTIPUESTO
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3987-7718
FREGIE A. DE JESUS
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0910-782x
ROSEMARIE M. TIMA
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7095-5601

The implementation of Mother Tongue -Based as a medium of instruction and as a subject of learning zone helps and improve the learners in developing new thoughts and ideas of their prior learning opposite to the home dialect utilized. This directly benefits the administrators and teachers enable to have an appropriate medication for learning. The respondents of this qualitative study were the school personnel of these eight indigenous schools in Buenavista IV: Simbalan Central Elementary School, Cabayugan Elementary School, Labong Elementary School, Bagang Elementary School, Lekda Elementary School, Monteverde Elementary School, Datu Saldong Elementary School, and Linao-linao Elementary School located at Buenavista Agusan del Norte. The respondents assessed through the seven parts of the questionnaire. To analyze the data, Weighted Percentage and Weighted Mean, Spearman Rank Correlation, and Chisquare were used. This study proved that there was no significant correlation between the Teacherís Profiles to the level of implementation of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education among Indigenous People institutions of Buenavista, Agusan del Norte with -09 Correlation Coefficient. Furthermore, it was found out that most answered by the respondents correspond to a fully implemented value.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.08

The Challenges Among Pre-Service Secondary Teachers
MARY FLOR L. BALTAZAR
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7460-3451
ALEXANDER Y. BERNALDEZ
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0077-5693
CRISTENA M. LIGAYNA
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2841-2843
KATY LYN J. MALAZARTE
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1229-3264

Pre-service teacher training is one of the most important aspects of every teacherís education curriculum as it prepares student-teachers to become qualified teachers in the future. This study concerned to determine the challenges encountered among preservice secondary teachers of Saint Michael College of Caraga (SMCC), during practice teaching. The researchers, with permission to the owner, used the research instrument for this study and were administered to 39 respondents. The data were tabulated and analyzed using percentage, weighted mean, Pearson Correlation and One-way ANOVA. The result in the findings disclosed that the challenges most encountered by the preservice secondary teachers of Saint Michael College of Caraga were the delivery of instruction while the least issue encountered was assessment learning. The following recommendations were advised: to engaged pre-service secondary teachers in different seminar-workshop that caters with the existing issues as well as providing them with continuing education and development in teaching.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.09

The Level of Proficiency of Bachelor in Elementary Education Students in Philippine Electronics and Communication Institute of Technology
ROZALIA LAPORE-DELAMIDE
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7989-8137

English has a distinctive place in the Philippine education system particularly geared towards the need of Filipino learners to have the basic knowledge of English. The Philippine Electronics and Communication Institute of Technology (PECIT) offers its students this basic knowledge with the aid of electronics and communication technology. Despite of this endeavor, some of the students have deficiencies in their English language proficiencies. This study dealt with the English language proficiency in the four macro skills in listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills. It specifically dealt with the proficiency of the Bachelor in Elementary Education student of the said school. The focus of this study was to determine the relationship of social media exposure to the language proficiency. The study revealed that most of the students have mobile phones and face book accounts. In terms of language proficiency, majority of the students belonged to the first level of proficiency in all four macro skills. The intervention of technology and the exposures of the students to social media have considerable impact to their level of English proficiency. The level of English language proficiency and the exposures to the social media are closely associated to enhance their language proficiency. With these findings, an intervention program is proposed for the enhancement of the English language proficiency of the students.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.10

Efficacy of Technology in Reinforcing the Performance Task in English Among Grade 10 Students
HILREM L. BAYUCOT
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2496-3357

Technology is now considered a way of life for people that its utilization cannot be ignored if schools are responsive to the demands of globalization. The study aimed to determine the level of efficacy of technology in reinforcing the performance tasks in English of the Grade 10 students of Pundasan National High School, Gingoog City. The researcher used an experimental design. A test was designed to determine the level of efficacy of technology in reinforcing the performance tasks in English administered to the 50 respondents after six weeks of treatment through teacher modeling. The treatment was carried out with the combination of lecture, discussion, and demonstration of the application of technology as a tool for students in completing the performance tasks in English. The statistical treatments applied were frequency and t-test. The overall result indicated that there is a significant difference tested at 0.05 level between the level of efficacy of technology in reinforcing the performance tasks in English before and after the treatment. Teacher modeling on the application of technology as treatment was found to be efficient in helping students use blogging, infographics, digital scrapbooking and digital storytelling in completing the performance tasks.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.11

The Special Education Program (SPED) in the Province of Surigao del Sur, Philippines
IRENE G. AJOC
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7675-8278

Special Education program in the Philippines has become more imperative in response to the growing number of children with special needs having access to quality education. This study is designed to assess the implementation of Special Education (SPED) Program of the nine SPED implementing schools in the province of Surigao del Sur using the CIPP Model. This study involved a descriptive-survey utilizing the structured questionnaire and focused group discussion (FGD). The data were analyzed using frequency count, percentage distribution, mean and standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Content analysis was used in the qualitative data gathered in the FGD sessions. The findings of the study revealed that SPED implementation in the province of Surigao del Sur is high owing to the sufficient provisions in the Context and Product components and the deficiencies in the components of Input and Process. The findings of the study served as a basis for developing effective intervention programs and activities to enhance SPED implementation in the province and the deficiencies found in the components of Input and Process should be properly addressed by developing an effective programs and activities to enhance the SPED implementation in the province of Surigao del Sur.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.12

The Goals of a Child-Friendly School and the Psycho-Social Environment of the Learners in Public Secondary Schools in the Division of Butuan City, Philippines
ELLA MAE SILAO-NAVARRA
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0095-5929

This study sought to determine the goals of a child-friendly school and the psychosocial environment of the learners in public secondary schools in the Butuan City division Philippines. A mixed-method of quantitative and qualitative research was used in the study with questionnaire as the tool to describe the goals of a child friendly school and the psycho-social environment of the learners. A focus group discussion (FGD), in-depth interview and Delphi technique were used to determine the facilitating and hindering factors. The findings revealed that the goals of child-friendly school have high sustainability of advocacy in the implementation among schools. The psychosocial environment of the learners manifested a satisfactory status which meant that majority of the students were satisfactory equipped in their learning environment. The facilitating factors were the support and active participation of the principal, teachers, students and the community. The hindering factors were the financial, assigned person to manage child-friendly school activities, teachersí attitude, studentsí lacking awareness and lacking of facilities. A designed model was made for the sustainable implementation in the advocacy of the goals of child-friendly school and psycho-social environment of the learners. The results of the study can be utilized to have sustainable implementation of child-friendly school.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.13

A Content Analysis of the Assessment Practices of Grade 3 Teachers
MARIVIC M. GARILLO
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2790-5494

Classroom assessment is an integral part of teaching and learning process. The study investigated the classroom assessment practices of Grade 3 teachers in the division of Agusan del Norte, Philippines vis-ŗ-vis with DepEd Order No. 8, s. 2015. Exploratory approach was employed making use of interview and analysis of sample assessment tools. Qualitative data were analyzed partly following Georgiís technique. Content analysis and coding technique were also employed. It revealed that the Grade 3 teachers in the Division of Agusan del Norte failed to implement the prescribed assessment activities before the lesson, during lesson and after the lesson. Discrepancies were also revealed in the summative assessment where the performance-based assessment activities were not highly evident. They allegedly practiced both the traditional and alternative modes. The teachersí practice of authentic mode of assessment is less evident attributed to some teachers who attempted performance-based, portfolios and rubrics but only to a minimal extent. This implies the need to implement classroom assessment activities cognizant of the set standard by the Department of Education at this Grade level.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.14

New Age Social Intelligences and Their Influence on Teachersí Commitment Among Teachers in Central Elementary Schools
RUBY C. LIMEN
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4420-9127

Teachersí new age intelligences is making new possibilities, being creative and updated with ICT competencies to perform onesí work. This study was purposely conducted to find the extent of the influence of teachersí new age social intelligences on their commitment among teachers in central elementary schools of Agusan del Norte. New age social intelligences such as adversity quotient, creativity quotient, leadership quotient, quantum quotient, technology quotient, and spiritual quotient and the teachersí commitment were examined. Further, significant relationship of the new age social intelligences and teachersí commitment and which of the new age social intelligences significantly singly or in combination predicts teachersí commitment were tested. The descriptive Ė correlation design of study was used with the survey technique employing a researcher-made questionnaire. The study used statistical techniques such as mean, Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression correlation. There is a significant relationship between new age social intelligences and teachersí commitment. Of the six new social intelligences, spiritual quotient significantly predicts teachersí commitment. New age social intelligences have bearing on teachersí commitment. As recommendation, in-service training shall be conducted by the Division of Agusan del Norte to the teachers to improve their knowledge and skills in ICT. This must cover the use of computer in classroom instructions.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.15

The Status of School Facilities for Special Program in the Arts (SPA): Itís Influence on the Student Performance
LADY ANN S. SABIT
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3801-8869

Schools in the 21st century require school plants which includes all facilities essential for the achievement of educational objectives. The aim of this study was to determine the status of school facilities for Special Program in the Arts (SPA) and its influence on the student performance in competitions of Gingoog City Comprehensive National High School (GCCNHS). The research design is descriptive. The status of the school facilities was assessed through a teacher-designed questionnaire in terms of availability, adequacy, and usability answered by the SPA students and teachers. The researcher gathered the General Point Average (GPA) of the SPA students and was tested to measure the relationship of the status of the school facilities and the studentsí performance. The statistical treatments applied were the frequency, mean and t-test. The findings of the study revealed that there is no evidence that the school has available, adequate and usable school facilities and there is no significant difference between the school facilities and student performance tested at 0.05 level. Thus, it is a contributory factor in the low achievement of students in competitions.
https://dx.doi.org/10.18868/sherjte.01.060119.16